Come on—Everybody’s doing it. That whispered message, half invitation and half forcing, is what most of us think of when we hear the words peer pressure. It usually leads to no good—drinking, drugs and casual sex. But in her new book Join the Club, Tina Rosenberg contends that peer pressure can also be a positive force through what she calls the social cure, in which organizations and officials use the power of group dynamics to help individuals improve their lives and possibly the word.
21. According to the first paragraph, peer pressure often emerges as
[A] a supplement to the social cure.
[B] a stimulus to group dynamics.
[C] an obstacle to social progress.
[D] a cause of undesirable behaviors.
题干中的关键词peer pressure在文中出现了三次，对于定位造成了一定干扰，这个时候究竟定位到哪句话，就要根据题干中出现的另一个词often来辅助定位了。虽然文章中没有出现often这个词，不过在第二个peer pressure(此处用it代替了)中出现了usually这个词，因此我们定位到It usually leads to no good—drinking, drugs and casual sex.这句话，最终确定答案为D。
“The first thing needed for innovation is a fascination with wonder,” says Dawna Markova, author of The Open Mind. “But we are taught instead to ‘decide’, just as our president calls himself ‘the Decider’.” She adds, however, that “to decide is to kill off all possibilities but one. A good innovational thinker is always exploring the many other possibilities.”